Student First Amendment Violations

Students Protesting

In late 2015, a group of students protested on the campus of the University of Missouri. To keep student journalists from getting involved, an assistant professor of communications, Melissa Click, attempted to block them.

Her actions resulted in being charged with assault and being fired from her job at the school. Since her actions to silent student journalists’ First Amendment rights, the University of Missouri has seen a decline in enrollment.

Actions will change things

Because of her actions, colleges and universities around the country would be wise to establish clear policies regarding First Amendment rights.  Also to form clear policies for student-led activities.

At this point in time, the Indiana University and IUPUI system does not have a policy in place.  They need to have one that clearly defines where the First Amendment’s freedom of speech.  Also, where freedom of the press can be fully expressed.

Labeling Spaces

Student Protests and defining policies by Felix Rippy
Student Protests and defining policies by Felix Rippy

A strong policy should include clearly labeled locations on campus and what can be done in those spots. There are three different types of spaces that can be designated for student-led activities: public, limited public, and assigned public spaces.

The public spaces include common areas, sidewalks, streets, and parks. Designated public spaces include classrooms, auditoriums, and public utilities spaces.

Student Use of Spaces

A well-crafted policy should include protections for groups that are meeting in private, like sororities and fraternities or political groups meeting to plan events.

The spaces where they meet should be free from intrusion by classic journalists. However, in public spaces, like parks or sidewalks, journalists should be allowed to enter those spaces and speak with students. However, even the term ‘journalist’ would need to be defined as bloggers is a reality in today’s world.

Addressing the Potential Issues

The policy should also include how protests can be covered by journalists. When the most protected types of speech need to be moved to safe areas, schools need to address how they observe this need and where the safe areas should be.

If Professor Clink and the University of Missouri had a policy in place that addressed the potential issues with the First Amendment on college campuses, they would not have their problems they are facing today. The IUPUI system needs to be proactive to avoid any fall out that could occur from First Amendment violations.

Financial Crisis in US Public Schools

Strategies for Struggling Schools

Public schools all over the United States are facing a financial crisis. One district that is in dire straits is the Muncie Community Schools (MCS) in Indiana.

Crisis in our Public School by Felix Rippy
Crisis in our Public School by Felix Rippy

This district has been handed over to emergency managers, who will most likely do what most of them do.  They close buildings and consolidate funds. There are, in fact, other ways to save struggling districts like the one that is affectionately known as Middletown, USA.

Eleven Strategies for Crisis in Schools

These eleven strategies have been tried and tested by other emergency managers and superintendents in other struggling districts. Most districts that have shuttered buildings to save money have not seen any long-term success financially.

These techniques have proven to help other districts, even some in the State of Indiana. Any combination of them could help MCS get back into the black.

1.) Use a program called Payments In Lieu of Taxation (PILOT) to make changes to the currently tax-exempt buildings within the MCS border.

2.) Force consolidation of nearby school districts to dilute the effects of these valuable properties not paying taxes.

3.) Implement a distressed-district program to the one already operational in Lake and Dearborn Counties.

4.) File for a referendum that would allow Delaware County to bypass the property tax caps.

5.) Create a Tax Increment Financing (TIF) or Business Improvement District (BID) district so local businesses could specifically assist MCS.

6.) Partner with private or other public entities to repair facilities or to buy underused MCS buildings

7.) Partner with the State of Indiana in their new Teacher Advancement Program (TAP) for grant opportunities.

8.) Partner with the Federal Government in the heavily funded upcoming Teacher and School Leader Incentive grant program.

9.) Seek a write off the $10 million special education cooperative “debt” to MCS itself.

10.) Pass a local sales or income tax to assist the schools.

11.) Utilize two foreign exchange student programs to pay tuition.